Formerly known as the Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug (AOk) within the Perm Oblast, Permyakiya was downgraded to an okrug of the newly constituted Perm Krai in 2005. The 2002 census recorded a population of 147,800, of which a majority was Komi-Permyaks (60 percent). Permyakiya served as one of two ethnic homelands for the Komi, the other being the Komi Republic. Ethnic Russians comprise slightly more than one-third of the territory’s population. The district’s administrative center is Kudymkar, a city of 31,000; barely one-quarter of the population resides in urban areas. With few paved roads, almost no small businesses, and little industry, the okrug is one of the poorest and most underdeveloped regions in European Russia; much of the population still depends on small-scale farming, animal husbandry, and hunting. Permyakiya is heavily dependent on federal subsidies, though these have been reduced in the wake of its subordination to Perm. In 1996, the AOk signed a treaty with Moscow delimiting respective powers in the territory. Beginning in 1999, a movement to abolish Permyakiya’s autonomous status began to gain steam, reversing the post-1993 trend that saw the autonomous okrug and its “host,” the Perm Oblast, drifting apart. This came to pass under the new leadership of Gennady Savelyev, who supported Vladimir Putin’s goal of simplifying the federal structure of Russia. The results of the plebiscite in 2004 showed 83 percent of the electorate supporting unification of the AOk with Perm.

Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation. . 2010.

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  • Komi —    Ethnic group. The Komi are a Finno Ugrian people who reside in the extreme northeastern European Plain. While they consider themselves to comprise a single nationality, they are divided into Komi Zyrians (or Komi proper), Komi Izhems, and Komi …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Perm Krai —    An administrative province of the Russian Federation. Perm Krai came into existence on 1 December 2005 as a result of a 2004 referendum in the former Perm Oblast and Permyakiya on merging the two federal subjects. The province is bordered by… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Autonomous Okrug — (AOk)    Political subdivision of the Russian Federation. Known as national okrugs until 1977, the Autonomous Okrugs are federal subjects of the Russian Federation that are, in most cases, simultaneously subordinated to another federal subject.… …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Komi-Permyak Autonomous Okrug —    See Permyakiya …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation

  • Okrug —    Usually translated as “district,” an okrug is an administrative division in the Russian Federation. After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, a number of autonomous okrugs were downgraded to okrugs within their corresponding federal subjects …   Historical Dictionary of the Russian Federation